What are the differences between hoarding disorder HD and clutter, collecting, and squalor? Simply collecting or owning lots of things does not mean someone has HD. A major feature of HD is the disorganized nature of the clutter — in most cases, the living spaces can no longer be used for everyday living as they were intended.
Moving through the home is challenging, exits are blocked, and normal routines within the home are difficult. Similarly, being a collector of items does not mean a person has HD. Some of the key differences between these terms are defined below:. HD is only considered when the clutter results from excessive acquisition and difficulty getting rid of things. The location of the clutter is also an important factor — it is common for most people to have cluttered storage areas, such as basements and attics.
Instead, HD involves clutter that takes over the living spaces of the home kitchens, living rooms, bedrooms, hallways, etc.
How and when to intervene in cases of severe domestic squalor.
In contrast to people with hoarding problems, collectors typically keep their possessions well-organized, and each item differs from other items to form interesting and often valuable groupings. Further, an important purpose of collecting is to display the items to others who appreciate them. People with HD are seldom able to accomplish such goals. HD is different from collecting in that collecting is organized and systematic, even though some collectors may have a similar amount of possessions as someone with HD.
Collecting does not produce the clutter, distress, or impairment that HD does. Squalor is most often found in elderly persons who have additional mental challenges, such as dementia. Squalor can sometimes occur as the result of HD, and sometimes occurs without HD.
In many cases, squalor results from the neglect of normal cleaning activities. To learn more about hoarding disorder sub-types, click here. Collecting In contrast to people with hoarding problems, collectors typically keep their possessions well-organized, and each item differs from other items to form interesting and often valuable groupings.
Items are not acquired in a planned fashion. Acquisition is often excessive. Items may be free e.
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Disorganized clutter, taking over living spaces bedroom, living room, kitchen, etc. Efforts to get rid of the items and not acquire items causes distress. Spending may be excessive, causing financial distress.
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The first comprehensive book on this topic Includes discussion on ways of dealing with severe domestic squalor in varying cultures and settings around the world Covers a variety of ethical concerns arising from proposals to intervene in such cases. Log in to review. How do you rate this item?
Severe Domestic Squalor by John Snowdon
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